How Does Catholic Identity Affect Hookup Culture?
The dynamics surrounding intimate relationships among Catholic college students is of special concern to Catholic families and educators, because these relationships often and eventually lead to marriage. The Catholic Church teaches that marriage is instituted and ordained by God as the union of one man with one woman, and that sexual behavior is reserved for marriage. This review of social science literature considers whether the student culture on Catholic college and university campuses reinforces these teachings and facilitates the pathway from healthy intimate relationships to marriage.
Historically, colleges and universities—especially Catholic colleges and universities—believed that they needed to play an active role in helping their students find happiness and meaningful relationships with those of the opposite sex during their years on campus. Until the s, most colleges and universities—secular as well as sectarian—believed it was their duty to offer opportunity situations including dances, clubs and other recreational activities, designed to help their students create and maintain healthy and satisfying intimate relationships.
College administrators used to believe that they needed to take care of their students—both academically and socially. Today, it appears that many student life administrators have moved from a pro-active role in helping to facilitate healthy pair bonding to a reactive role in helping to pick up the pieces and repairing the very real damages when a degraded campus culture of casual sex emerges.
The conventional wisdom is that students are best left to their own devices in meeting and mating. This paper finds significant consequences for both the individual and the institution. During the past decade, there has been a growing body of literature examining the dating attitudes, values and behavior of contemporary college students.
An emerging number of scholars are conducting research which examines how young people meet, mate and decide to marry. There is a growing body of data that points to a degraded student culture on many college campuses—including Catholic college campuses Bogle, ; Freitas, ; Burdette, Ellison, Hill and Glenn, This paper provides a systematic review of the research literature identifying the culture and examining the very real damage that has been online dating false hope by abandoning the in loco parentis role that colleges and universities used to play in terms of encouraging healthy social relationships.
The purpose of our paper is to provide a systematic summary of the social science literature that has been published in the last twenty years on the dating and mating behavior of college students—and assessing what many of these researchers have identified as the very real damage that has been done by the embrace of this culture. We have organized these findings into four sections based on specific issues related to sexuality on campus.
The first section is the most comprehensive, because it defines the hook-up culture and identifies the extent of the problem of casual sexual on college campuses—both Catholic and non-Catholic. While most studies of the hook-up culture on campus do not differentiate by religious affiliation, we provide a comprehensive look at the ones that investigate the differences in sexual behavior by students attending a Catholic college and those who do not.
Sexually transmitted diseases, unintended pregnancies and abortions—as well as a long catholic hook up culture of psychological costs including poor self-esteem, depression and sadness—have been correlated with the emergence of the hook-up culture on campus. There is also anecdotal evidence that students who engage in the culture of casual sex that permeates many Catholic campuses find themselves moving away from a commitment to formerly held religious catholic hook up culture and practices.
In addition to a decline catholic hook up culture Church attendance by those who are participating in the hook-up culture, there is anecdotal evidence of a reduction in religious feelings and perceived closeness to God. In the third portion of this report, we consider the role of alcohol in encouraging and expanding the hook-up culture. Nearly all of the researchers who are studying the hook-up campus culture have found that alcohol is implicated as a correlate—if not necessarily as a causal factor—in the hook-up culture.
Because of this, we devote a substantial portion of our literature review dating yuffie the data describing the expansion of the use of alcohol by college students through permissive policies of on-campus drinking in the dorms and at social functions, and the role alcohol plays in the hook-up culture—especially on Catholic campuses.
The fourth section of our report investigates the impact of campus polices and especially those who are hired to implement them. While more research in this area is needed, there is evidence that student life personnel are not a strong deterrent to a campus hook-up culture—and neither are co-ed residence halls. We conclude by looking closely at the counter-culture that is emerging on many Catholic and secular campuses as students are taking the lead in promoting chastity catholic hook up culture fidelity.
We also offer suggestions for additional research. This confirms dozens of other anecdotal studies. Almost two-thirds of the participants in the Marcus study said that they were unhappy with the emptiness of their social lives. Most respondents complained that the culture on their campuses consisted of either having sex without necessarily progressing to a relationship, or forming a long-standing and intense bond with a man without any anticipation of a future life with that man.
Most of the female respondents to this survey were disappointed with their campus culture. Still, we have to avoid the temptation to look at the college dating behavior of previous generations through rose-colored glasses. The idealized notion of the traditional date in which the male invites the female out to dinner or to a movie, picks her up and pays for the date is one that we often refer to when we lament the loss of traditional dating behavior.