What are the Electricity Requirements for Above Ground Pools?
First we need to point out the difference between a storable pool and a permanently installed pool. The pool must not be capable of containing water depth exceeding 42" electrical hookup for above ground pool of metal sides or this pool would not meet the NEC definition of a storable pool. A pool can not be installed inside a structure of any kind, and meet the NEC definition of a storable pool. A pool that is of plastic and has a maximum water depth of less than 42" will meet the NEC definition of a storable pool.
A pool that is made of nonmetallic and inflatable, material no matter the maximum depth of the water or size of the pool will meet the definition of a storable pool. A pool that is less than electrical hookup for above ground pool deep and with plastic sides and is capable of being deflated or disassembled then stored away if this pool has not been installed within a structure such as a wood deck or in a house will meet the definition of a storable pool.
An example of an inflatable pool that can be as deep or large around as you like and still be considered as a storable pool as long as it is not installed inside a wood deck, or underground, or inside a house can be viewed by clicking on the picture icon to the left. Any pool that is contained in a structure [wood deck or house] is considered as a permanently installed pool.
Examples of a pool made permanent due to being in a structure may be viewed by clicking on each of the picture icons bellow Any pool that meets one or more of the above parts if this paragraph defining a permanently installed pool would apply to this above ground permanently installed pool article. If your pool meets the definition of a permanently installed pool please skip the following storable pool paragraph, and proceed reading this article.
The only electrical requirements to a storable above ground pool are as follows: If electric is required to supply a pool filter daily telegraph dating cost motor, or a pool low voltage underwater light fixture listed and labeled for us with a storable pool that is 42" deep or less, NEC Article NEC Article part C The pool pump of a storable pool must be a listed double insulated pool pump motor.
This pool may even be just plugged into an outside weatherproof GFI protected dwelling receptacle designed for general use. To view the Storable Pool Article, access the following article "STORABLE POOL". If the pool is installed either buried or partially buried in the earth or the pool is surrounded by a deck or otherwise inside a structure or the pool is deeper than 42 inches deep and not inflatable, whether with electrical serving the pool or not, this pool will be considered as a permanently installed pool.
If your pool is either buried or partially buried then please refer to the "in ground pool" self-help article. References to this in ground pool installation may be found by clicking on the following link "IN-GROUND SWIMMING POOLS". Procedures to install above ground swimming pools that meet the definition of a permanently installed pool electrical hookup for above ground pool described electrical hookup for above ground pool in this article or meet the definition of a permanently installed pool.
If you have a wood deck with the pool pump served by a receptacle, or a receptacle serving an low voltage transformer for an underwater light fixture placed under a wood deck, you should measure, not through the deck, but around the deck. You do not measure through a structure but around that structure. This means that you could have the pool pump or pool light transformer receptacle installed right next to the shell of the pool, but the receptacles would still be allowed to be considered as much as 10 feet away or more, due to having to measure around the structure but not through the structure.
Examples of a receptacle under a deck as described above may be viewed by clicking on the following picture icons. New to the NEC requirements concerning outside receptacles whether associated with a pool, or even mounted on the home or commercial or industrial settings, installed as a new outside receptacle installation, the outside receptacles still must be weather proof approved for use exposed to the weather, but now any of the outside receptacles associated to a dwelling must be with an in-use weather proof bubble shield type receptacle cover plate.
This in-use weather proof electrical hookup for above ground pool shield type receptacle plate must be used on all dwelling's outside receptacles. This will electrical hookup for above ground pool a cord to be plugged into the receptacle and the bubble shield making both the receptacle and the cord plugged in to be weather proof while the cord is plugged into the receptacle protecting both the receptacle and the plug of the cord from the weather.
An example of an in-use type bubble shield weather proof receptacle plate may be viewed by clicking on the picture icon to the left. Wiring designed to serve a pool pump must be with a green insulated equipment grounding conductor NEC Article This insulated equipment grounding conductor serving a pool pump must not be smaller than a 12 awg copper conductor, except that part of the branch circuit wiring installed while inside a dwelling and serving a pool pump.
Concerning the NEC Article Definitions, the term "covered" means that this conductor is only covered and not insulated that is within a nonmetallic sheathed cable aka Romex. When the plastic sheathing of the nonmetallic sheathed cable aka Romex is stripped off exposing the conductors within that nonmetallic sheathed cable you will find a bare copper equipment grounding conductor.
The hot conductor is black or red commonly for hot conductors and white for the grounded leg aka neutral or a true neutral conductor and bare only for the equipment grounding conductor. Nonmetallic sheathed cable whether NMB aka Romex installed inside a home or UF cable Romex allowed to be installed while exposed to sunlight, corrosion of earth and direct buried does not contain an insulated grounding conductor as recognized by the NEC, but this conductor is recognized by the NEC as only a covered equipment grounding conductor and will not be recognized by the NEC as an insulated conductor while inside a nonmetallic sheathed cable aka Romex.